South India lies in the peninsular Deccan Plateau and is bounded by the Arabian Sea, Indian Ocean and the Bay of Bengal encompassing two mountain ranges — the Western Ghats and Eastern Ghats and a plateau heartland. A majority of South Indians speak one of the five Dravidian languages. The southern Western Ghats have high altitude rain forests and is a known biodiversity hotspot. Some of India's famous protected Wild life parks are located close to the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve and includes Mudumalai , Bandipur , Nagarhole, Silent Valley, Eravikulam and so on. Important bird sanctuaries of Ranganathittu and Thattekkad are home to numerous migratory and local birds. Other protected ecological sites include the backwaters of Kerala, the mangrove forests at Pitchavarum and the coral islands of Lakshadweep. This region can boast of the best and safest beaches in the country starting with Goa followed by coastal Karnataka and kerala. The historical monuments are many in this region, to name a few - Gol Gumbaz, Jewish Synagogue, Mysore Palace, Rock Fort Temple. World Heritage are a must see while traveling in South India, namely Ajanta and Ellora Caves, Churches of Old Goa, Sun Temple at Konark, The Vijaynagar city ruins near the village of Hampi, Pattadakal and so on.